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For nutrients with an EAR, the DGAC considered shortfall nutrients to be those where a substantial proportion of either the total population or specific age and sex subgroups had intake estimates below the EAR. Of the nutrients with an AI (vitamin K, choline, dietary fiber, and potassium), the DGAC determined that a low proportion of the population had fiber and potassium intakes above the AI and so potassium and fiber were therefore considered to be underconsumed (Figure D1.2).Although multiple approaches can be used to estimate the prevalence of nutrient inadequacy in a population, the DGAC used the EAR cut point method. Sodium and saturated fat were examined as potentially overconsumed nutrients in relation to the UL (for sodium), and the maximum level from the 2010 Dietary Guidelines of less than 10 percent of calories from saturated fat (for saturated fat).From 63 percent to 91 percent of females and 81 percent to 97 percent of males consumed more than the UL for sodium (Figure D1.3).From 67 percent to 92 percent of females and from 57 percent to 84 percent of males consumed more than 10 percent of calories from saturated fat (Figure D1.4).
Chapter 3: Individual Diet and Physical Activity Behavior Change.
A diet emphasizing a variety of nutrient-dense foods will help shift consumption toward the recommended intake levels of these shortfall nutrients. A diet emphasizing a variety of nutrient-dense foods will help ensure optimal intake of these shortfall nutrients. population should make concerted and focused efforts to decrease consumption of sodium and saturated fat.
In particular, fruit, vegetables and whole grains are excellent sources of vitamin A, C, folate, fiber, magnesium and potassium. The USDA Food Patterns provide guidance for consumption of a nutrient-dense, energy-balanced diet.
For these analyses calcium from dietary supplements was also considered.
When total intake of foods beverage dietary supplements containing calcium was considered, then the proportion of the older adults below the EAR improved to 55 percent for men and 49 percent for women over the age of 71 years.